Friday, July 3, 2009

Robert Ridgway - Biographies of Notable Americans, 1904

RIDGWAY, Robert, ornithologist, was born in Mount Carmel, Ill., July 2, 1850; son of David and Henrietta James (Reed) Ridgway, and grandson of Richard and Sarah Ridgway and of Joseph and Eliza (Bell) Reed. He was educated in the public schools, and at an early age turned his attention to natural history. He served as zoölogist to the U.S. geological exploration of the 40th parallel under Clarence King in California, Nevada, southern Idaho, and Utah, 1867–69; was occupied chiefly with government work, 1869–80, and was curator of the ornithological division of the U.S. National museum from July 1, 1880. He was married, Oct. 12, 1875, to Julia Evelyn, daughter of Horace and Elizabeth (Nichols) Perkins of New York city. He was one of the founders of the American Ornithologists' union in 1883; its vice-president, 1883–98, and its president, 1899–1900. He received the degree M.S., from the Indiana State university in 1884; was a member of the permanent ornithological committee of the first international congress at Vienna in 1885, and an honorary member of the second congress Ornithologique International at Budapesth in 1891. He became a corresponding member of the Zoölogical society of London, and of the Academies of Science of New York, Davenport, Ia., and Chicago, Ill.; a foreign member of the British Ornithologists' union; an honorary member of the Nuttall Ornithological club of Cambridge, Mass., the Brookville, Ind., Society of Natural History, the Ridgway Ornithological club of Chicago, Ill., and a member of the committee of patronage of the International Congress of Zoölogy at London. He published more than 200 descriptive papers of new species and races of American birds, many of which appeared in the "Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum"; several catalogues of North American and other birds contained in the museum, and is the joint author with Professor Spencer F. Baird and Dr. Thomas M. Brewer of: A History of Northern American Birds (3 vols., 1874), and of The Water Birds of North America (2 vols., 1884), in which he wrote a large portion of the technical parts. He also published: Report on Ornithology of the Fortieth Parallel (1877); A Nomenclature of Colors for Naturalists (1886); Manual of North American Birds (1887); The Ornithology of Illinois (2 vols., 1889–1895), and The Birds of North and Middle America (8 vols., 1901).

Source Information: Biographies of Notable Americans, 1904 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 1997. Original data: Johnson, Rossiter, ed.. Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans. Vol. I-X. Boston, MA, USA: The Biographical Society, 1904.

copyright 2012, Polly's Granddaughter - TCB

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