America Isabelle Crawford, the great grandaunt of Ms. Warren, was the daughter of Preston H. Crawford and Edith May "Ede" Marsh. She was born in Laclede County, Missouri, about 1860. She was the sister of John H. Crawford, Ms. Warren's great grandfather.
- found on the 1870 US Census living in Hooker, Laclede County, Missouri, with her father and siblings; race listed as white.
- found on the 1880 US Census as Belle Mitchell, living in Grant, Johnson County, Arkansas with her husband; race listed as white.
- found on the 1900 US Census as America I Mitchell, living in Township 5 & 6, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory with her husband and children- RENTS; race listed as white, found on the regular census schedule, not the Special Schedule for Indians.
- found on the 1910 US Census listed as Belle Mitchell, living in Dustin, Hughes County, Oklahoma with her husband and children; race listed as white.
- found on the 1920 US Census as American Mitchell, living in Pine Grove, Santa Barbara, California with her son-in-law, daughter and grandchildren; race listed as white.
Though all those documents list America Isabelle as white, it might not be enough for some people to be convinced, so it is necessary to share even more evidence that shows this woman was white. In 1902, America Isabelle Crawford's husband, Joab Mitchell, filed a Dawes application claiming to be Mississippi Choctaw. (The application was rejected.) This was a fairly common thing for white people to do because they believed the Indians had no records and their claim alone would get them some free land. This may have been Joab's motivation because he first claimed to be 1/16th Indian blood but when he said his grandma was 1/2, the interviewer told him he would be 1/8th and asked which would he like to claim, 1/8th or 1/16th. Joab said as much as he could. It appears he might have thought the more Indian blood one had, the more land they would get. This wasn't true, but that seems to be a possible motivator for wanting to claim as much Indian blood as he could. Anyway, since this man filed a claim for himself and for his children, it would be logical he would have done the same for his wife if she was Indian and he thought he could get land for her too. Guess what. He didn't. And he actually said his wife was......a white woman. Now there was no shame in this guy's game. He was claiming he and his children had Indian blood so there would have been no problem claiming his wife had Indian blood if she did. He said she was WHITE.
And, there is more.
The daughter of America Isabelle and Joab Mitchell, Rena Rebecca Mitchell Harding, shared the following information about her family, "No Indian blood except way back in Grandpa Mitchell's family, not much even then." What this means is Preston Crawford's granddaughter said there was no Indian blood in the Crawford side of the family. Is this hearsay? Yes, but so are Ms. Warren's stories. The big difference is Rena's story matches the documentation and evidence. Ms. Warren's doesn't. And, no one can say Rena was attempting to hide Indian ancestry because she claimed some in her father's line. She just didn't claim any in her mother's line, the Crawford line. The reason? Because the records and documentation on this Crawford family, Ms. Warren's purported Cherokee family, were right. They were white.
So, what does all this mean? It means Ms. Warren doesn't have Cherokee ancestry through her Crawford line. It would be impossible for one child to be Indian and another to be white when they had the same two parents. Since America Isabelle Crawford Mitchell had the same parents as John H. Crawford, the great grandfather of Elizabeth Warren, it means if she was white, so was he. And I think it's pretty clear, she was white.
Stay tuned for even more on the genealogy of Elizabeth Warren.
Those are my thoughts for today.
Thanks for reading.
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